France burkini swimsuit ban a 'serious, illegal attack' on freedom, human rights group says
The Human Rights League (LDH) is appealing a decision by a lower court in the Riviera city of Nice which upheld a ban on the outfit by the town of Villeneuve-Loubet.
Villeneuve-Loubet, just west of Nice, was among the first of some 15 French towns to ban the burkini, triggering a fierce debate in France and elsewhere about the wearing of the full-body swimsuit, women's rights and secularity.
The Nice tribunal ruled on Monday the ban in Villeneuve-Loubet was "necessary, appropriate and proportionate" to prevent public disorder after a succession of jihadists attacks in France, including one in Nice on July 14.
PHOTO: The bylaw is posted at beaches telling women to "respect good morals and secularism".
The burkini was "liable to offend the religious convictions or [religious] non-convictions of other users of the beach," and "be felt as a defiance or a provocation exacerbating tensions felt by" the community, it added.
The ruling by the State Council, France's highest administrative court, will provide a legal precedent for towns to follow around the country.
The ban has raised questions over what constitutes unacceptable beachwear: the actual trademarked full-body swimsuit — much like a wetsuit but with a head covering — or merely being fully clothed on the seashore.
A mother of two said she had been fined on the beach in the resort of Cannes wearing leggings, a tunic and a headscarf.
Her ticket, seen by AFP, read she was not wearing "an outfit respecting good morals and secularism".
"I was sitting on a beach with my family. I was wearing a classic headscarf. I had no intention of swimming," said the 34-year-old who gave only her first name, Siam.
Woman told to 'go home'
A witness to the scene, Mathilde Cousin, confirmed the incident.
"The saddest thing was that people were shouting "go home", some were applauding the police. Her daughter was crying," she said.
One of the world's most secular countries, France strongly separates religion and public life, and overt religious symbols or clothing are considered incompatible with French values.
Islamic dress has long been a subject of debate in France, which was the first European country to ban the Islamic face veil in public in 2010, six years after outlawing the headscarf and other conspicuous religious symbols in state schools.
However ordinary citizens are allowed to wear the headscarf in public.
The LDH and other rights groups believe the burkini ban is a "serious and illegal attack on numerous fundamental rights" including freedom of religion
"It is the expression of a political project, a counter-society, based notably on the enslavement of women," French Prime Minister Manuel Valls said.
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